Historical, geographical and social understanding (including primary foreign languages or PFL) fires children's curiosity and imagination about who we are, where we come from, where we live and where we might be going next. It connects Britain's past with the present and the future, helps children make sense of our place in the world and is central to their development as informed, active and responsible citizens.
This area of learning encourages children to investigate the world around them, from the local to the global. They learn about the impact of their actions on the planet and understand the importance of developing a future that is sustainable. Through exploring cultures, beliefs, values, human rights and responsibilities, children develop a deeper understanding of themselves and others, and a sense of belonging. They see how societies are organised and shaped by people's values and actions, and how communities can live and work together.
Children learn about diversity and interdependence, fairness, justice and democracy. They begin to understand how events that happened in Britain long ago or in other countries can affect our lives today and how our actions shape the future.